Lachit Borphukan: Quick Look what happens in Saraighat

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Lachit Borphukan: Quick Look what happens in Saraighat 


Ai Generated image of Lachit Borphukan

Lachit Borphukan is one of the most prominent historical figures in India, renowned for his pivotal role in leading the Ahom Army to victory in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671. This resounding triumph thwarted a formidable invasion by the Mughal Forces, commanded by Ramsingh I. Borphukan's death a year later marked the end of an era.

Born with the name La-chit on 24th November 1622 in Charaideo, within the realm of the Ahom Kingdom, Lachit Borphukan's life journey was marked by unwavering allegiance to the Ahom Kingdom and dedicated service in the Ahom Army. He held the distinguished rank of Borphukan, a position akin to that of a General, and served as the Commander-in-chief. Under his military leadership, the Ahom forces successfully repelled the invading Mughal forces of Emperor Aurangzeb and regained control of the kingdom. Lachit Borphukan is celebrated as a patriot and national hero in Assam.


Lachit Barphukan is a celebrated figure in Assam

1. Lachit Barphukan was a great warrior and leader of the Ahom kingdom.

2. He was born in present-day Assam in 1622. 

3. He is most famous for his military leadership and strategies during the Battle of Saraighat.

4. The Battle of Saraighat was fought against the mighty Mughal Empire in 1671. 

5. Lachit Barphukan defeated the Mughal forces and drove them out of Assam. 

6. He is hailed as a hero in Assam and is remembered even today. 

7. A statue of Lachit Barphukan stands tall in Guwahati, the capital of Assam.


Lachit Barphukan was a legendary commander of the Ahom kingdom who was born in 1622 and died in 1672. He is especially renowned for his role in defending Assam from invading Mughal forces. Some of the most notable battles in his illustrious military career include the Battle of Alaboi in 1669 and the celebrated Battle of Saraighat in 1671, both of which showcased his tactical brilliance and leadership. Barphukan was also known for his considerate treatment of prisoners and his resistance to using torture, which earned him the respect of both his friends and enemies.

Lachit's enduring legacy is commemorated by memorials such as the one at Holongapar in Jorhat, Assam, India. His familial ties reveal a rich lineage, with Momai Tamuli Borbarua as his father, and notable figures like Pakhari Gabharu as his sister and Ramani Gabharu as his niece, who played integral roles in the Ahom Kingdom. Lachit's father, Momai Tamuli Borbarua, was a Brave general and his sister, Pakhari Gabharu, and niece, Ramani Gabharu, were both important figures in the Ahom Kingdom.

The historical figure of Lachit Borphukan continues to be of great interest in modern times. In recent years, political parties in Assam have tried to portray him as a symbol of resistance against Muslim invasion, particularly since the rise of the BJP in the region. However, historians offer contrasting perspectives, emphasizing that Lachit himself may not have adhered to Hinduism, and his forces included Muslim commanders. Additionally, the battle pitted him against a Hindu Mughal commander.

The Guwahati campaign of 1667, where Lachit recaptured the city, is one of the most renowned examples of his strategic acumen. Setting up his base-camp at Kaliabar, he led his forces to victory, culminating in the fall of Itakhuli. Lachit's victory is celebrated to this day, and is seen as one of the most significant military achievements in Indian history.

Ai generated image of Lachit Borphukan drawing his sword

Lachit Borphukan's victory at the Battle of Saraighat was a defining moment in his career. He emerged victorious over the powerful Mughal naval fleet, which was commanded by the experienced Ram Singh. This was a significant achievement, as the Mughal Empire was one of the most powerful empires in the world at that time. sadly, Lachit's life was cut short soon after this victory. He was buried in Kaliabar, at Teok in Jorhat, within a maidam, which is a burial ground reserved for Ahom royals and nobles. This is a fitting tribute to a man who was one of the most successful military commanders in Ahom history.

Lachit Borphukan is a celebrated figure in Assamese history. His legacy has been interpreted and transformed in various ways over time. In the early days, he was commemorated in Upper Assam. Later on, he became an iconic symbol in the Assamese psyche. His story has been used for different politico-cultural purposes. In postcolonial Assam, cultural heroes like Lachit briefly receded from prominence, overshadowed by anti-colonial activists. However, his memory persisted, particularly in the context of Assamese sub-nationalism and the propaganda of organizations striving for a separate Assamese state.

Recently, Lachit's memory has been appropriated by the state itself, as the Government of Assam has endeavored to elevate his stature. This coincided with the rise of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the state, casting Lachit as a Hindu military hero defending against perceived Muslim aggression. The BJP has been accused of using Lachit's memory for political gain, and of appropriating his legacy for their own Hindu nationalist agenda.

It is worth noting that Lachit's fellow commanders in the Battle of Saraighat included Assamese Muslims, known as "Gariya," such as Ismail Siddique, locally referred to as Bagh Hazarika, who was one of the most renowned. On the opposing side, the Mughal forces were led by a Hindu Rajput named Ram Singh.

Lachit Borphukan was a celebrated military leader in the Assamese army who fought against the Mughals in the Battle of Saragarhi. Lachit is considered to be a symbol of Assamese pride and courage. His historical significance transcends time and continues to be a subject of fascination, debate, and reverence in the annals of Assam's rich heritage and cultural tapestry.

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